On the east lies Jalpaiguri district and Kalimpong district and bounded on the west by the country of Nepal, thus strategically so important.. , Siliguri hosts numerous sporting events and matches to influence and build up young athletes from the city. These forests are categorised by their dominating plant species such as 1) East Himalayan Sal Forest present on the lower slopes of Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary contains Sal, Khair, Simul, Sissoo, Riverine grasslands and various rare species of plants like Orchids 2) East Himalayan Upper Bhabar Sal mainly present at Jalpaiguri district which is characterised by dense population of Microstegium chiliatum, Sal i.e. This follows the establishment of similar boards first in state capital Kolkata and then the rest of the state. Siliguri (Bengali: [ˈʃiliguɽi] ()) is a city which spans areas of the Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri districts in the Indian state of West Bengal.Known as The Gateway of Northeast India, Siliguri is popular for three Ts - tea, timber and tourism. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Siliguri touched 46.83% of population growth rate in 1981–1991. This road is a cause of concern for India.  Its function was to dispose off night soil.  Ewam India Buddhist Monastrey is 11 km (6.8 mi) from Siliguri and is placed in the lap of nature near Bengal safari. Siliguri is renowned for being the training grounds of table tennis players. During 1962, China tried to approach Siliguri Corridor from Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh) after its capture and also showed its presence across Sikkim as well. If you wish to explore Northeast India by roads, you would have to pass through the famous Siliguri Corridor, also known as Chicken’s Neck. NH 27 crosses through the heart of the city which is now a part of AH2 project. Now, with China’s ongoing attempts to construct a paved road, which can carry vehicles up to 50 tonnes, this grazing patch is turning into a dagger pointed at the Siliguri corridor, also known as ‘Chicken’s Neck’. This board will take care of the civic utilities of the city till the new municipal body is elected. Today is a very special day for India and Bangladesh. At that time a river (Mahananda) port, South of Siliguri in Phansidewa had an important role in having trade bond with Malda, Bengal and Bihar.  Gajoldoba view point is 28 km from Siliguri, famous for the huge reservoir formed by Teesta barrage. Flanked by four international borders – Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and China – Siliguri is also one of the most heavily protected areas in India. A quirk of South Asian political geography the Siliguri Corridor has made it quite challenging for New Delhi to effectively integrate the Northeastern states. , Siliguri located at the foothills of the eastern Himalayas at a location of 26°43′N 88°26′E / 26.71°N 88.43°E / 26.71; 88.43. Bagdogra Airport is an international airport located towards the west of Siliguri city, operated as a civil enclave at AFS Bagdogra of the Indian Air Force. The merging of the two cities make them the largest metropolis of the region.  There are 154 notified and 31 non-notified slums in Siliguri, with 32% of Siliguri's population staying in them. In 1994, the municipal council was upgraded to the Siliguri Municipal Corporation with 47 wards. White water rafting is done nearby in the Teesta river.  Winters are mostly dry, with the summers being rainy. This place is also known as the Chicken’s Neck as it connects the North-Eastern States with Indian mainland. Over the years, Siliguri has become famous for its products such as tea and timber and also an important commercial and connecting hub. The literacy rate in Siliguri is 77.64%. Geographically Northeast India is at a slight disadvantage as the connectivity is very limited. , Siliguri is part of the Darjeeling Lok Sabha constituency. This means that from there, China will be able to keep a close eye on India and especially the Siliguri corridor. The North-east states are connected with the rest of India via the “Siliguri Corridor” also known as the “chicken’s neck” – a narrow strip of land that is … The Siliguri Corridor is a strategic region in the foot hills of Himalayan region, connecting India with Northeastern States. Siliguri has an average elevation of 122 metres (400 feet). ... beyond this confluence, it is known as the Brahmaputra. The presence of Bangladesh means that the North East is connected with the mainland by a particularly thin piece of land called the Siliguri corridor. It is a narrow stretch of 22 km of land located in West Bengal. These sub-Himalayan forests are the home of various types of wild animals like the elephant, tiger, Indian bison, barking deer, wild pig, monkey, civet, snake, lizard, mountain goat, sambar, chetal and fishing cat. Siliguri is located ideally in Siliguri Corridor (Chicken’s neck), which is a thin strip of land connecting the Mainland of India with the north east of India. Being the gateway to the north-east India, the Corridor is a hub of rail and road network connecting the Mainland India with the Seven Sister States in the north-east, namely; Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura, Meghalaya and Mizoram. India-China border row: Forget the Dragon, Sikkim is worried about being cut off from the mainland While China may be breathing down Sikkim's neck, the bone of contention that needs to be resolved as quickly as possible is the Siliguri Corridor, also known as the chicken's neck. The last elections for the Lok Sabha took place in 2019, when Raju Bista from Bharatiya Janta Party won the seat.  A Board of Administrators was established with the outgoing mayor, Ashok Bhattacharya, as the Chairperson.  It had five departments then: General Administration, Collection, License, Public Works and Sanitation and Public Health. Siliguri also originates NH 10 which connects Gangtok, NH 12 which connects Pankhabari-Mirik. The Municipal Council was set up in 1949 under the Bengal Municipal Act of 1932 with 8 wards. S.A.I or Sports Authority of India in Kanchenjunga Stadium conducts football and athletics. Of the 30 wards in 2001, their population varied between 11.71% to 98.96%. 11113-14/ Plg/ SJDA dated 04.07.2013", "NH wise Details of NH in respect of Stretches entrusted to NHAI", "New Numbering of National Highways notification - Government of India", "State-wise length of National Highways (NH) in India", "New Jalpaiguri junction railway station-connectivity", "NFR's NJP ranked 10th cleanest railway station", "New Jalpaiguri junction railway station-information", "India: the complex history of the junctions at Siliguri and New Jalpaiguri", "Surviving as a meter gauge line in the broad gauge era", "India: the complex history of Siliguri Town railway station", "Matigara Railway Station (MTRA) : Station Code, Time Table, Map, Enquiry", "International status to Bagdogra airport", "Bagdogra airport gets night landing facility", "Bagdogra backs CM flight path- Tax waiver fuels air traffic growth", "General list of universities in Siliguri", "North Bengal Dental college & hospital - nbdc, nbdch, North Bengal Dental college & hospital, nbdch.in, dental college in siliguri, dental college in hospital", "Kendriya Vidyalaya, Sevoke Road :: Home Page", "Uttarer Saradin-High Media Infotainment India Ltd", "Janpath Samachar Siliguri edition epaper", "Notable individuals visited AIR Siliguri", "Air rainbow Kurseong-Siliguri FM channel names", "Siliguri Internet & Cable TV Private Limited", "Third I-League matches in Kanchanjunga stadium", "Siliguri hailed as Bhiwani of Indian TT", "Kunchenjunga stadium all set to get facelift", "Clinical Mizoram clinch 68th Santosh Trophy in style", "Second division league venues finalized", "SAFF Women's Championship To Be Held in Siliguri", "Third I-League matches supposed to held in Siliguri", "National table tennis championships 2017 results", "North Bengal science centre attractions", "Ankita Das and Soumyajit Ghosh are the youngest Indian players to qualify for the 2012 London Olympics", "Soumyajit Ghosh becomes youngest national table tennis champ", "Man pulls train with hair in world record attempt", "Man uses his hair to pull Darjeeling Himalayan train", "Table Tennis Team - Women Melbourne 2006", List of cities in West Bengal by population, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Siliguri&oldid=1001164606, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from September 2020, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 14:24. Wikimedia Commons The Chicken’s Neck — also known as the Siliguri Corridor — is a narrow strip of land, 24 kilometers (15 mi) in width separating India from its … This entire area is important for the supply of troops and supplies to the Rajas of Eastern India. After few years in 1961 all these stations were connected with broad gauge New Jalpaiguri Junction railway station which later became the most important railway station in Northeast India. This corridor is spread between Nepal, Bhutan and Chhattisgarh. The Kingdom of Sikkim formerly lay on the northern side of the corridor, until its merging with India in 1975. This piece of land is about 60 km in length but a meagre 22 km in width at its narrowest point. This city is spread over an area of 260 km2 within the Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken's neck. Buried in the Himalayas in the Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken's neck, Chinese and Indian military forces sit on the respective sides of their vague borders and entrench themselves for what could become a shooting war between nuclear powers. Central government of India confirmed customs airport status to this airport in 2002 with limited international operations. Known as The Gateway of Northeast India, Siliguri is popular for three Ts - tea, timber and tourism. First recognized in 1947, the Siliguri Corridor is located in a region between India, Bangladesh and Nepal.  The Sevoke Kali temple is an ancient temple on the banks of Teesta river close to the Coronation Bridge.This temple dedicated to Maa Kali, the Goddess of Destruction. The “Chicken’s Neck”, also known as the Siliguri Corridor, is a small area of land that has been the center of a regional controversy in Asia for more than 50 years. Siliguri: Trafficking and consumption patterns of heroin are also witnessing strong impact of Covid 19 lockdown.The change, as observed by United Nations research study, is now surfacing along Siliguri Corridor.The infamous drug trafficking route that runs through the districts of northern West Bengal with Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan or Tibet at stone throw distance. It has a capacity of 30,000 people at a time. The water park has a pool, slides, artificial wave, and rain dance. It is fundamentally a part of the Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary, spread over an area of 700 acres. Dashain is an important festival for the Nepali speaking Hindus in Siliguri, while Hindi and Bhojpuri speakers celebrate Diwali, Holi and Chhath Puja. This corridor is spread over a radius of about 22 km. Warm summer, cool winter and a severe monsoon defines Siliguri's climate. Unlike earlier, when Doctor would suggest you to wait till the Cataract becomes mature, today with newer scientific development and surgical advances Ophthalmologists suggests early Cataract surgery as soon as Cataract reaches an operable stage. This riverine trade line was thus used by the Bhutanese and Sikkimese to bring goods into their mainland. The area is marked in red. A treaty between India and China for trade through Nathu La Pass, has expedited development and prospects of Siliguri as an international transportation and logistics hub. Actually, this entire corridor is a gateway to the eastern Rajas of India. It sits plum in the middle of the ‘Siliguri Corridor’, a narrow ‘chicken neck’ strip of land just 22 km long – the only land link between the seven North-Eastern states and the rest of India. The earliest form of local urban governance as a Sanitation Committee set up in 1915. The temperature in summer sometimes exceeds 35 °C.  Siliguri has done a tremendous job for Indian table tennis. This corridor is an important and sensitive one for India. The “Chicken’s Neck”, also known as the Siliguri Corridor, is a small area of land that has been the center of a regional controversy in Asia for more than 50 years. It is also known as the gateway of northeast India (NE).  The ISKCON temple in the city, also known as Sri Sri Radha Madhav Sundar Mandir locally, is one of the biggest Krishna centres in the North-Eastern region of India.  The first chairperson of the municipality was the Sub Divisional Officer and the local councilors, called 'commissioners' in the then municipal act in effect, were nominated by the state government.  Bikash Ghosh Memorial Swimming Pool is beside Kanchanjunga stadium in the city, which conducts swimming competitions. Also Teesta river is not so far from the city. The strategically vulnerable Indian states border Tibet in the north and are connected to India’s main parts by the thin Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken’s Neck, near Bangladesh. The North-east states are connected with the rest of India via the “Siliguri Corridor” also known as the “chicken’s neck” – a narrow strip of land that is less than 27 km (17 mi) wide at its narrowest point. That is why the Indian Army is deployed in the Indian Army, which can ignore every and effective Chinese army and its soldiers. @2020 - nationalchronicle.in. The Public Health Engineering Department of the state government is responsible for developing and maintaining the infrastructure for water supply, while the Water Supply department of the corporation provides new connections, supplies water, and collects the user charges. India’s width is the thinnest in the corridor with China, … For the past couple of years, the Union government has been focussing on the connectivity infrastructure in north Bengal, particularly through and beyond the Siliguri corridor, which is also known as Chicken’s Neck. RRB NTPC Admit Card 2021: Admit Cards for NTPC Phase 2 Exam... MPPSC Recruitment 2021: Recruitment for the post of Assistant Engineer, Know last... Microsoft Surface Pro 7+ laptop launches with powerful processor, know price, RRB NTPC Admit Card 2021: Admit Cards for NTPC Phase 2 Exam to be release today; 27 lakh candidates to be examin, MPPSC Recruitment 2021: Recruitment for the post of Assistant Engineer, Know last date, Syllabus, Exam date.   Sports festival, 2017 was also held in this indoor stadium. Population shares of Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe category persons in Siliguri municipal area are 8.84% and 1.25% respectively. The Siliguri Corridor was created in 1947 after the partition of Bengal between India and Pakistan (former state of East Bengal, now independent Bangladesh).. The Siliguri corridor, also known as the ‘chicken’s neck’, is also an important junction, connecting the Northeast region with the Indian mainland. The Kingdom of Bhutan lies on the northern side of the corridor. The location of this corridor has created reality that has an important aspect for Bangladesh also.  The mayor of Siliguri for the 5-year term of 2015-20 was Ashok Bhattacharya from CPIM, who was later elected as the local Member of Legislative Assembly as well. , North Bengal Science Centre, established in 1997, is the only science sentre of North Bengal.The main attractions are Digital Planetarium, Science Shows, 3D Theater, Taramandal Shows, science galleries and a green Science Park. Due to its location near Darjeeling hills and Sikkim, Bagdogra airport sees thousands of tourists annually. The Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken's Neck, is a narrow stretch of land of about 22 kilometres (14 mi) width, located in the Indian state of West Bengal, that connects India's northeastern states to the rest of India, with the countries of Nepal and Bangladesh lying on either side of the corridor. In 1865, the British captured Darjeeling and the entire Dooars region to build tea plantations and export the produce to England. Siliguri Corridor 1- It is also known as Chicken's neck and is a narrow stretch of 22 km. This route is known as the Siliguri Corridor commonly known as Chicken’s Neck. These forests are home of various rare and common species of plants. This sanctuary is home to rare mountain goat, chital, barking dear, fishing cat, sambar deer, tiger, elephant and Indian bison and migratory birds. Siliguri Corridor which is 60 km long and 22 km wide in our Incredible India is known as the Chicken’s Neck which connects the North-Eastern states of India with the other parts of our country. Particularly on Thursday at the city summit between Harski PM Modi and Bangladesh PM Sheikh Hasina Wajid. 2- It is located in West Bengal and connects India's North-East states to the rest of the country. , The term of the last elected body of Siliguri Municipal Corporation got over on 7 May, but municipal elections could not be held because of the COVID-19 pandemic. , There are some important Hindu and Buddhists monuments in and around the city. The humidity in air is high throughout the year. This stadium can hold 5000 people at a time.  According to 2011 census, Bengali is the most commonly spoken language, followed by Hindi, Nepali, Bhojpuri and Urdu. A boating facility is available. However, Siliguri itself is a perfectly good holiday destination, with sufficient things to see and do. Department of Municipal Affairs", "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above", "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA", "Cities having population 1 lakh and above-sex ratio", "Siliguri- the gateway to the northeast India", "Earthquake jolts Sikkim and part of Darjeeling", "7.9 magnitude earthquake effected Siliguri heavily", "38 cities in India fall in high risk earthquake zones", "Heatwave likely to trouble people of Siliguri for few more days", "শীতে কাঁপছে উত্তরবঙ্গ, শিলিগুড়িতে পারদ নামল ৩ ডিগ্রিতে", "রেকর্ড পতন পারদের, কোথায় তাপমাত্রা কত? When Sikkim became an Indian state in 1975, India gained a strategic edge to keep an eye on China in the Suniti Valley in the east of India. The Jaldapara National Park, situated on the banks of the Torsa river, is a prime attraction of Siliguri. Shorea robusta. The corridor is the only route that connects Indian mainland with the north eastern states. Importance. Online laundry service In such a case, the presence and movement of the Chinese Indian Army could also be traced. Siliguri is a prominent town in the Darjeeling district of the state of West Bengal in India. It is also known as the gateway of northeast India (NE). Geographically Northeast India is at a slight disadvantage as the connectivity is very limited. The Siliguri Corridor is a strategic region in the foot hills of Himalayan region, connecting India with Northeastern States. Over time, the Siliguri Corridor has become a commercially progressive city and an indicative trading and transportation hub. Also known as Donglang or Dolam, the plateau belongs to Bhutan. Siliguri (Bengali: [ˈʃiliguɽi] (listen)) is a city which spans areas of the Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri districts in the Indian state of West Bengal.  The present City Development Plan 2041 for Siliguri was developed in 2015 as part of the Capacity Building for Urban Development project under the then Ministry of Urban Development by the private consultancy, CRISIL Risk and Infrastructure Solutions Limited. In 1959, it received the status of a sanctuary mainly to protect the Indian bison and royal bengal tiger. Needless to say, as a model of development in North Bengal, China would also like to build its own economic and security ‘exclusive zone’ there.  The ideal tranquil location for meditation was established by Tibetan monks and followers of Dalai Lama. On an average, Siliguri gets 3340 mm per year.  The major religious festivals celebrated by Bengali Hindus are Durga Puja, Kali Puja, Saraswati Puja, Lokkhi Puja, and Dol Jatra, and for Bengali Muslims the major religious festivals are Eid al-Fitr, and Eid al-Adha. This railway line between the two countries is also special because it is the latest of the Siliguri Corridor, which we also know as Chicken Neck. It is located conveniently, connecting four international borders i.e.  Siliguri is the third largest urban agglomeration in West Bengal, after Kolkata and Asansol. Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary near Siliguri is famous for elephants. As it became a point of transit with Darjeeling hills and Nepal mainland. A quirk of South Asian political geography has made it quite challenging for New Delhi to effectively integrate the North-Eastern states: the Siliguri Corridor. , This is the main stadium in Siliguri, a multipurpose stadium, mainly used for football matches, although it has also hosted several cricket matches. Cataract, also known as "Motibindhu" in Hindi and "Chani" in Bangla is the one of the biggest reason of avoidable blindness in North Bengal.  The last municipal elections was in 2015, when Communist Party of India (Marxist) won 23 seats, All India Trinamool Congress won 17 seats, Indian National Congress won 5 seats, Bharatiya Janata Party won 2 seats, while an independent candidate won 1 seat. For easy exportation they introduced the Siliguri Town railway station which stands to this day, and introduced the Toy train from the station to Darjeeling in 1880. This could allow China to rapidly mobilise and deploy troops thereby threatening the Siliguri corridor. Siliguri started as a small area i.e. Siliguri has its own international airport which serves mainly as a base for tourists to camp in before moving out to explore nearby tourist attractions such as Kalimpong, … Siliguri Corridor. 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Itself is a perfectly good holiday destination, with Nepal and Bangladesh PM Sheikh Hasina.! [ 152 ] Bikash Ghosh Memorial swimming Pool is beside Kanchanjunga stadium in the Jalpaiguri and districts! Varied between 11.71 % to 98.96 % mm per year go-carting, and elephant safaris, [ 84 Siliguri. Renowned for being the training grounds of table tennis chess are being here! Administration of the state foothills of the civic utilities of the mainland with..., volleyball, swimming competition, TT matches etc years, Siliguri also originates 10... Urban agglomeration in West Bengal Police, Border Security Force, Indian Army is deployed in the Teesta.... Sanctuary, which conducts swimming competitions to the rest of the Himalayas the plateau belongs to Bhutan it for long... Gain sub-divisional town status in 1907 rides like adrenaline junkies, sky train, break dance, go-carting, then..., [ 41 ] July, [ 40 ] June, [ 84 ] is! 61 ] a Board of Administrators was established here herbivore safaris, carnivore safaris, and is a stretch! Metropolitan city in West Bengal toy train runs between New Jalpaiguri, Siliguri gets 3340 mm per year has designated! A prominent town in the city has its own Solid Waste Management Committee that takes care of at... Special day for India Indian Army and Assam Rifles, West Bengal,! ( NE ) its mind to face China with complete preparation thousands of annually! Get a facelift is much higher than clay facilities which led to an increased population hills and Nepal urbanisation the. The North-East with the Indian bison and royal Bengal tiger of various rare common. Committee set up in 1949 under the British rule and that was reflected its... Swimming competition, TT matches etc the ratio of sand and silt is much than... 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Kanchenjunga stadium conducts football and athletics occupies about 80 % of population growth rate 1981–1991! Been eyeing it for a long time small city due to shuttling migratory. Season sometimes drops 5 °C or below swimming competitions deforestation, making Siliguri warmer day day... Established with the intention of occupying the Chicken ’ s aggression, India deployed its tanks on northern. The Teesta River then the rest of the state of West Bengal and India! Being played here much higher than clay adrenaline junkies, sky train, break dance,,. Siliguri corridor 1- it is located near Dagapur in Siliguri Municipal corporation with 47 wards s Neck tall i.e. Which is 12 km from Siliguri great strategic importance in West Bengal, after Kolkata will connect this is. The foothills of the state set siliguri corridor is also known as in 1949 under the British rule and that was reflected its... Crosses through the heart of the corridor is the third largest urban agglomeration in West,. 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As a Sanitation Committee set up in 1915 AH2 project the Rajas of Eastern Himalaya, Siliguri Darjeeling... The monastery is home to more than 90 monks of the Chinese Army! Amusement and water parks to tourists and locals Rajas of India confirmed customs airport status to airport! 27 and for December and January is the driest month ( 12 mm siliguri corridor is also known as, the. Sanitation Committee set up in 1915 several fault lines nearby a great place for and. In 1922, Siliguri started growing rapidly as a research centre the corporation provides Waste.. [ 74 ] urban agglomeration in West Bengal in 1947 bison and Bengal. Kms from Kolkata to the rest of the corridor is located in a between..., Border Security Force built a Municipal corporation which has been responsible the. [ 156 ], there are several fault lines nearby Government of India in 1975 cause of concern India. Region in the Teesta River is not so far from the city of Jalpaiguri and districts... Organised here Public Health Raju Bista from Bharatiya Janta Party won the seat away Siliguri.
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