:130–131. Dholavira’s location is on the Tropic of Cancer. Timing: 10 AM to 1 PM and 2:30 PM to 5:30 PM on all days except Wednesday and public holidays. It is also considered as having been the grandest of cities of its time. It can be seen in movies like in Magadheera, Ramleela and many more. Dholavira is also very famous for its water management system which allowed it to proper amidst an arid stretch. This place belongs to the Indus Valley Civilisation. Surkotada on pieni, sen ala on 1,4 hehtaaria. endorsement of the artist shall be implied. Behold the remnants of Harappan civilization, walking you through the history of its rise and fall in the seven stages. The chronology of the occupation of the site at Surkotada is not the same as other Harappan / Indus Valley Civilization sites. However, this interpretation has been challenged by other archaeologists, who argue that Lothal was a comparatively small town, and that the "dock" was actually an irrigation tank. Neither the bones of the horse nor its representations are found belonging to early or mature Harappan culture, which suggests that the Surkotada 'horse' remains might just be an exception and horse weren't well known to the people of IVC.    During 1974, Archaeological Survey of India undertook excavation in this site and J.P.Joshi and A.K.Sharma reported findings of horse bones at all levels (circa 2100-1700 BCE). Surkotada is an archaeological site located in Rapar Taluka of Kutch district, Gujarat, India which belongs to the Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC). Now this river is only a small nalla (stream). It is both pre-harappan and post-harappan site. A. Indus. Rakhigarhi, Rakhi Garhi, is a village in Hisar District in the state of Haryana in India, situated 150 kilometers to the northwest of Delhi. Its history stretches back to pre-Indus Valley Civilisation times, as revealed by archaeological discoveries, dating to the 8th-7th millennium BCE. Surkotada Last updated July 30, 2020. Bhirrana, also Bhirdana and Birhana, is an archaeological site, located in a small village in Fatehabad District, in the Indian state of Haryana. Surkotada; Alamgirpur; Daimabad; Sutkagen Dor; Answer: (d) Sutkagen Dor In the Indus Valley Civilization, the remains of Horse bones have been found from Surkotada site. With a history of Lord Dattatreya devoted to this place, it bestows it with a distinctive beauty and a sacred temple worth visiting. Surkotada Surkotada is an archeological site located in India. Surkotada site contains horse remains dated to ca. The ancient mound stands surrounded by an undulating rising ground clustered by small sandstone hills. In other words, the Harappans did not establish a settlement in Surkotada in the earliest phase of Harappan maturity but did so almost towards the end. If you want to witness the red-laterite soil and sandstone hills, this reddish-brown archaeological site is the right place for you. The legendary city was praised in song, poetry and heroic literary epics about the Chola kings, and is described most fully in the epics Silapathikaram and Manimekalai. It is one of the five largest Harappan sites and most prominent archaeological sites in India belonging to the Indus Valley Civilization. This temple is a place you should not miss out on when visiting Bhuj, The dates from Surkotada are later than most Harappan sites but conform well with the occupational dates from Lothal and Kalibangan. Surkotada . There is a 1.7 m (5 1⁄2 ft) wide passage leading into the entrance. Today what is seen as a fortified quadrangular city set in harsh arid land, was once a thriving metropolis for 1200 years (3000 BCE-1800 BCE) … The platform had an average height of 1.5 m (4.9 ft) and the average base width of the fortification wall was 7 m (23 ft). They built a citadel with mud-brick and mud-lump fortification with a rubble veneer of five to eight courses over a raised platform of hard rammed yellow earth. With the sound of the gushing water and sunsets to die for, Mandvi beach is one of the favourite tourist places to visit in Kutch. The site is located in the Ghaggar-Hakra River plain, some 27 km from the seasonal Ghaggar river. Comparing to Kalibangan, which was a town established in lower middle valley of dried up Sarasvathi River, Banawali was built over upper middle valley of Sarasvathi River. Now this river is only a small nalla (stream). About 500 m (1,600 ft) south-east of the citadel, there is a low mound which represents some sort … It was an important coastal town along with Lothal and Balakot (in Pakistan) and is considered to be the western border of Indus Valley Civilization. Palace has its own beautiful private beach and air-conditioned accommodation where the royal family of the Kutch state reside in the present time. C. near the river Ravi D. beside the western gate of the city. Similar bastions are expected on the northern wall but have not been excavated yet. The ancient site at Kot Diji was the forerunner of the Indus Civilization. overshadowed by subtropical mountains and rain-forests, near beautiful tekerghat. The Surkotada Horse, Part II (Continued from) The discovery of the Horse's remains from 2000 BCE, by an Indian archaeologist, Mr. A.P. Ans .C. This site is located in Nakhatrana Taluka of Kutch district in the western Indian state of Gujarat. It was first reported by P. P Pandya and later thoroughly explored by Y. M. Chitalwala. The earliest phase or IA is established on virgin soil. The site contains a small fortified area of approximately 50x50 m with living quarters and manufacturing sites both inside and outside this area. The site was thought to be occupied from c.2650 BCE, declining slowly after about 2100 BCE, and to have been briefly abandoned then reoccupied until c.1450 BCE; however, recent research suggests the beginning of occupation around 3500 BCE (pre-Harappan) and continuity until around 1800 BCE. The vegetation is scarce and consists of cactus, small babul and pilu trees and thorny shrubs. Surkotada on Luoteis-Intiassa rannikolla sijaitseva muinainen Indus-kulttuurin satamakeskus. There is allusion to the disappearance of the river in … The site is near the western bank of the Dasht River and its confluence with a smaller stream, known as the Gajo Kaur. Paikka on nykyisessä Gujaratin osavaltiossa Kutchin piirikunnassa, 160 km Bhujista luoteeseen. The techniques and tools they pioneered for bead-making and in metallurgy have stood the test of time for over 4000 years. From the citadel there is an entrance in the east wall, again 1.7 m (5 1⁄2 ft) wide, for access to the residential complex. The prehistoric and pre-Mauryan character of Indus Valley Civilization was first identified by Luigi Tessitori at this site. his channel is designed to provide information related to Indian history. River Indus was the most important river in Vedic period. (Q.26) The site of Harappa is located on the bank of which River? The excavations revealed two periods of occupation. It is also identified as being established in the triangle of land at the confluence of Drishadvati and Sarasvati Rivers. Surkotada is a smaller fortified IVC site with 1.4 hectares (3.5 acres) in area. Surkotada, Kutch: Book Your Tickets & Tours of Surkotada at Best Price Only on Thrillophilia. With an Italian Gothic style architecture, the museum captures your attention as soon as you lay your eyes on it. It was discovered by Jagpati Joshi in 1964. Archaeological Survey of India. Location: Thar Desert, Kutch District, GujaratPrice: Rs 100 for an adult, Rs 50 for a child of 6-12 years, Rs 25 for a two-wheeler and Rs 50 for a four-wheeler. Dholavira is an archaeological site at Khadirbet in Bhachau Taluka of Kutch District, in the state of Gujarat in western India, which has taken its name from a modern-day village 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) south of it. Known as the world's largest salt desert, Rann of Kutch is one of the most famous tourist places to visit in Kutch. Witness this archaeological site and travel to a world of the past which is worth harking back to. The Pakistan Department of Archaeology excavated at Kot Diji in 1955 and 1957. Archaeologists have divided the history of settlement in Surkotada into three cultural phases. File photo of a Mound at Surkotada. The site of Surkotada was occupied for a period of 400 years with no breaks or desertions. Layout of the city and architectural remains, "Copper Vehicle-Models in the Indus Civilization", Chariots in the Chalcolithic Rock Art of Indian A Slide Show, Neumayer Erwin. It had been treated by its builders at par with Kalibangan and Lothal in terms of planning. Q. Indus Valley site at Surkotada is located in which among the following states ? Surkotada is an archeological site located in India and it is a site belonging to Indus Valley Civilisation(IVC).It is a smaller fortified IVC site with 1.4 hectares in area. It also a major attraction among the tourists because of its intriguing excavations of the civilization. Location: Around 64 km from Bhuj district, Mandvi Rural, GujaratTiming: Open 24 hours Answer: [C] Gujarat Notes: The site at Surkotada is located 160 km north-east of Bhuj, in the district of Kutch, Gujarat. Desalpar Gunthli is a village and site belonging to Indus Valley Civilisation located at Nakhtrana Taluka, Kutch District, Gujarat, India. Elephant bones and wolf bones (tamed?) owners. This site was identified as a jetty and a manufacturing centre. The platform would have been used for transactions and as a shop. This gateway measure 10 by 23 m (33 by 75 ft) and has steps and a ramp leading up to the main entrance which has two guard rooms. Three distinct phases are identified in the excavation. Moreover, many scholars feel that the location of Surkotada was strategic to control the eastward migration of the Harappans from Sind. River Sarswati was the most sacred river in Vedic period. The ancient mound stands surrounded by an undulating rising ground clustered by small sandstone hills. Excavated by the Archaeological Survey of India led by Dr. S. R. Rao, Bhagatrav is located in Hansot taluka of Bharuch district in south Gujarat, near the coastline with the Arabian Sea, and gives access to the agate-bearing mines and forested hills of the valleys of the rivers Narmada and Tapti. These give green patches to the red environment. The residential area was also built with a fortification wall having a thickness of 3.5 m (11 ft). The following is a description of the three phases in terms of the building activity: The earliest occupants of Surkotada had affiliations with an antecedent culture. The fortification wall of the citadel has an average base width of 3.5–4 m (11–13 ft) and has two 10 by 10 m (33 by 33 ft) bastions on the southern wall. Banawali, which is earlier called Vanavali, is on the left banks of dried up Sarasvati River. The content and images used on this site are copyright protected and copyrights vests with the respective It flourished in the basins of the Indus River, which flows through the length of Pakistan, and along a system of perennial, mostly monsoon-fed, rivers that once coursed in the vicinity of the seasonal Ghaggar-Hakra river in northwest India and eastern Pakistan. Ever wondered if your city lies on a river bank? The gate itself is set in the thickness of the fortification wall while there are two guard rooms projecting out. 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The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilisation in the northwestern regions of South Asia, lasting from 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE, and in its mature form from 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE. Kuntasi is an archaeological site which is identified as a port belonging to the Indus Valley Civilization. The mound is higher on the western side and lower on the eastern side and has an average height of 5 to 8 m (16 to 26 ft). You sure wouldn’t want to miss out on its rich history and the attracting windmills. It is also one of the most visited tourist places in Kutch. Rivers also symbolize human health, since fresh water from rivers is essential to our communities and ourselves. It is one of the well-known places to visit in Kutch. The site at Surkotada is located 160 km north-east of Bhuj, in the district of Kutch, Gujarat. Location: Opposite Hamirsar lake, Ghanshyam Nagar, Bhuj, Gujarat 370001 It has a unique water management system. These hills are covered with red laterite soil giving the entire region a reddish-brown colour. River Piracy Saraswati that Disappeared K S Valdiya The legendary river Saraswati, which flowed from the ... 29 Surkotada 30 Lothal 31 Rangpur 32 Rojdi waterfalls, or flow through deep gorges and ravines in the western ... near Sirsa. Just better. It is located in the Bhuj area of Gujarat. Pabumath is an Indus Valley Civilisation archaeological site near Suvai village in Rapar Taluka of Kutch district, Gujarat, India. Some of the places on the banks of this river are Mangalore, Bantwal, Uppinangadi, Dharmasthala and Ullal.It joins the Arabian sea at Mangalore.River Netravati is known as DAKSHINA KANNADA JEEVA NADI. Location: Khadir Bet, Kutch District It was a smaller settlement with substantial stone walls and gateways.  :220. The 11 major galleries in the museum cater to different sections, like anthropology, archaeology, textiles, weapons, music instruments, shipping and stuffed animals.The statue of ‘Airavata’ is also an attraction here. Archaeologists feel that the possibility of the existence of a large settlement is remote but cannot be ruled out. Indian Archaeology 1974-75. It was a highly developed civilization and derived its name from the main river of that region— Indus. This village is 165 km (103 mi) from Radhanpur. Q3. THE LATER VEDIC PERIOD (1000-600 B.C.) Kaupungin itäosa on suunnilleen neliömäinen 60x55 m tavallisen väen asutus, ja länsiosa 60x60 m linnoitus. . The citadel had two entrances one on the southern side and one on the eastern side for accessing the residential area. Best Time to Visit: October to March. The southern fortification wall of the residential area also has an entrance which has received a different treatment by its builders. The citadel consists of large houses some of which have up to nine rooms each. This Indus valley civilization site is in Kutch of Gujarat. Together with ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, it was one of three early civilisations of the Near East and South Asia, and of the three, the most widespread, its sites spanning an area stretching from northeast Afghanistan, through much of Pakistan, and into western and northwestern India. C. Luni. Desalpar is 25 km away from Bhuj. Location: Vijay Vilas Palace Road, District Kutch, Mandvi Rural, Gujarat 370465Price: Rs 20 for person, Rs 50 for camera and Rs 10 for vehicle Expanded over 45 acres of land, this palace embraces royalty offering splendid views. Timing: 9 AM to 1 PM and 3 PM to 6 PM on all days except Thursday. 2000 BCE However, it only costs youBest Time to Visit: October to March. About 500 m (1,600 ft) south-east of the citadel, there is a low mound which represents some sort of small habitation but the Harappan vestiges are scarce. While horse remains and related artifacts have been found in Late Harappan sites, indicating that horses may have been present at Late Harappan times, horses did not play an essential role in the Harappan civilisation, in contrast to the Vedic period. Surkotada. Kunal is a pre-Harappan settlement located in Fatehabad district, Haryana, India. 5)Surkotada The site at Surkotada is located 160 km north-east of Bhuj, in the district of Kutch, Gujarat. The total built up area of Surkotada of the period IC is in the form of a rectangle aligned along the cardinal directions. Surkotada: It is located in the Kutch District of Gujarat.   It is a smaller fortified IVC site with 1.4 hectares (3.5 acres) in area. 2000 BCE, which is considered a significant observation with respect to Indus Valley Civilisation. Our destination expert will reach out to you soon! It contains horse remains dated to ca. Kalo Dungar, a Gujarati term translated to English denotes the Black Hills, hence standing true to the mesmerizing vision. Kalibangan is distinguished by its unique fire altars and "world's earliest attested ploughed field". It was a fortified township built of dressed stone with mud filling inside. Odd toed ungulate, or hoofed mammals, such as horses, rhinos, and tapirs, may have their evolutionary origins in the Indian Subcontinent. Also known locally as Kotada timba, the site contains ruins of an ancient Indus Valley Civilization/Harappan city. As of today there is no evidence of a city scale settlement near the citadel complex of Surkotada, as one might be expected on the lines of Mohenjo-daro and Kalibangan. Also in Kachchh is Dholavira, which appears to be among the largest Harappan settlements so far identified; a nine-year excavation at the site completed in 2001 yielded a walled Indus valley city that… Sándor Bökönyi (1997), on examining the bone samples found at Surkotada, opined that at least six samples probably belonged to true horse. Part of Hisar division, it lies 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) north of the district headquarters Bhiwani and 249 kilometres (155 mi) from the state capital Chandigarh. Best Time to Visit: October to March, Aina Mahal, also known as Hall of Mirrors, bewitches the tourists with its Venetian-style chandeliers, silver objects, scroll paintings and jewelled swords. On the southern wall of the citadel there is a centrally placed gateway projecting out. Period I is assigned to the Mature Harappan phase and the Period II is assigned to the Late Harappan phase. Well, remember to visit Kalo Dungar situated at the height of 1516 feet above sea level, offering a spectacle of the desert and sky melting into each other's arms and becoming one. It is also said that a 750m wide river flowed through this site which is now a small stream. Ravi; Beas; Saraswati; Ghaggar; Answer: (a) Ravi (Q.27) Which is is the westernmost known archaeological site of the Indus Valley Civilization and is located near Iran border? It is a smaller fortified IVC site with 1.4 hectares (3.5 acres) in … Beautifully made from the red sandstone, this palace offers some of the most exquisite stone carvings and tile work. Price: Free The 47 ha quadrangular city lay between two seasonal streams, the Mansar in the north and Manhar in the south. As of the 2011 Census of India, the village had 1,448 households with a total population of 7,434 of which 4,002 were male and 3,432 female. In the residential area a drain, a bathroom with a small platform and a soakage jar in every house prove the well known sanitary arrangement and drainage system of the Harappans. Suktagendor was located around 55 kms from the shore of Arabian Sea on the Bank of Dasht River near the Iran Border. Remains of a horse are found. Surkotada is an archaeological site located in Rapar Taluka of Kutch district, Gujarat, India which belongs to the Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC). It has lured the directors into shooting this beautifully vast desert. According to the ASI, Lothal had the world's earliest known dock, which connected the city to an ancient course of the Sabarmati river on the trade route between Harappan cities in Sindh and the peninsula of Saurashtra when the surrounding Kutch desert of today was a part of the Arabian Sea. It has a really pious atmosphere filling the hearts of everyone who visits here with peace and contentment. This is situated in Meerut district and is near the river … The gates of Surkotada have also been treated with care and in some respects are different from general Harappan trends. Now this river is only a small nalla (stream). Location and Environment: The site at Surkotada is located 160 km (99 mi) north-   Although the discovery of horse remains at surkotada has settled the age old debate about the presence or absence of horse in the harappan civilization, the absence of horse seals in the harappan civilization still remains a boiling point of ambiguity although terracotta Horse head figurines from Lothal have been reported, Daimabad Chariot also provides evidence of being used on horses and copper vehicle models of carts with animals with arched neck are most probably of horses as well   , According to Ram Sharan Sharma, the Surkotada remains belong to around 2000 BCE, but its identity remains doubtful. Discovered by JO Joshi in 1964 In the Indus Valley Civilization, the remains of Horse bones have been found from Surkotada site. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. The mound was discovered in 1964 by J. P. Joshi of the Archaeological Survey of India. Best Time to Visit: October to March. Surkotada is an archaeological site located in Rapar Taluka of Kutch district, Gujarat, India which belongs to the Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC). This Indus Valley Civilisation site was a village, in comparison to towns like Kalibangan and cities like Rakhigarhi of IVC. B. Ravi. Discovered by J.P. Joshi in 1972. to 600 B.C. There is also a museum manifesting paintings, photographs and royal possessions. But it is believed that Harappan culture wasn't horse-centred. Q4. 2000 BCE, which is considered a significant observation with respect to … These hills are covered with red laterite soil giving the entire region a reddish brown colour. The association of this place with the story of its architect Ramsinh Malam, who was taken to the Netherlands to master the art of tile making, emanelling and clock making, adds to the magnitude of this remarkable palace. In other words, Surkotada could have functioned as a regional capital or garrison town. An entertainment zone for the kids ensures they have a good time too. This river, which emptied into the Little Rann, might have been an important reason for siting the town here. were also found at Surkotada. As of today there is no evidence of a city scale settlement near the citadel complex of Surkotada, as one might be expected on the lines of Mohenjo-daro and Kalibangan. The City of Dholavira located in Khadir island of the Rann of Kutchch belonged to matured Harappan phase. "The mound has an average height of five-to-eight metres (east-to-west) and was discovered by the author during the course of his explorations in Kutch in December, 1964," writes Jagat Pati Joshi in Excavation at Surkotada and Exploration in Kutch. Surkotada site contains horse remains dated to ca. Your enquiry has been received successfully. The residential area consists of houses which are the smaller than the citadel houses. Surkotada is an archaeological site located in Rapar Taluka of Kutch district, Gujarat, India which belongs to the Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC). from Bikaner. As this would have only reduced the area within the citadel, it is not clear why they did this. It is also a perfect spot for the adventure lovers since it offers various water sports here. We assure the privacy of your contact data. Banawali is an archaeological site belonging to Indus Valley Civilization period in Fatehabad district, Haryana, India and is located about 120 km northeast of Kalibangan and 16 km from Fatehabad.   It is a smaller fortified IVC site with 1.4 hectares (3.5 acres) in area. Timing: 6 AM to 8 PM 8. Surkotada is a small, 3.5 acre site northeast of Bhuj, in Gujarat. The new people followed their predecessors in the layout of the settlement and made a citadel and a residential complex on the same lines made of rubble and dressed stones. Khirasara is an archaeological site belonging to the Indus Valley Civilization. Kalibangān is a town located at 29.47°N 74.13°E on the left or southern banks of the Ghaggar in Tehsil Pilibangān, between Suratgarh and Hanumangarh in Hanumangarh District, Rajasthan, India 205 km. Built during the rule of Lakhpatji, it possesses an Indo-saracenic architecture which makes it unique and attractive, taking your breath away.Location: Maharao Of Kutch, Darbargadh Chowk, Bhuj, Gujarat 370001 Price: Rs 20 for person and Rs 30 for cameraTiming: 9 AM to 12 Noon and 3 PM to 6 PM on all days except Thursday. Timing: Open 24 hoursBest Time to Visit: October to March. Wondering where to visit while you are in the largest district of India, Kutch? Also famous for the Rann Utsav held every year from November to February, you can enjoy a blend of music, culture, dance and various activities like camel cart rides, rifle shooting, cultural shows, spa treatments at the Rann of Kutch. River kumaradhara , neryare, manihalla and gurupura river join to River Netravati. Located near the mouth of the Kaveri river, the city served as a great trading centre, where large ships docked to bring lovely merchandise to citizens from lands far afield. The site lies on the Sutlej river near the great Sirhind canal. In his inscriptions Ashoka calls himself: A. Devanampriya Priyadarshni king B. Asoka Priyadarshi C. Dhammasoka (Dharmasoka) D. Daivaputra Ans .A. Surkotda has provided evidence of the first actual remain. With stunning white marble on its facade and the enduring idols, this temple is a striking example of robustness. Possessing horse remains from 2000 BCE makes it one of the most intriguing tourist destinations while visiting Kutch. The houses were constructed just against the fortification wall. The bricks used were in the ratio 1:2:4 which conforms with mature Harappan standards. It is located on the bank of Khari river. Price: Free They retained the structure of the citadel but added a mud brick reinforcement to the inside of the fortification wall. Answer: Option C . 7. The end of period IB is marked by a thick layer of ash which represents a widespread conflagration. This site is located on the right bank of Phulki River, about 3 km south-east of Kuntasi village and 30 km from Morbi in Maliya taluka of Morbi District in Gujarat state of India. It is around 2900 BC that the region of Kalibangan developed into what can be considered a planned city. The site is one of the many sites seen along the channels of the seasonal Ghaggar river, thought by some to be the Rigvedic Saraswati river. So that people could get information related to India's history. The plan of Surkotada is composed of two squares - the one to the east is called the residential complex and measures 60 by 55 m (197 by 180 ft) while the one on the west is the citadel and it measures 60 by 60 m (200 by 200 ft). D. Ghaggar. Taking in the beauty here on a full moon night is an overwhelming experience. This river, which emptied into the Little Rann, might have been an important reason for siting the town here. Name from the food stalls around the beach beautiful private beach and air-conditioned accommodation where the remains a. Settlement located in Fatehabad district, Haryana, India lies on a full moon night is an excellent of. Kirtan and spiritual collections suitable for Vaishnav followers the period II is assigned to 8th-7th! Wednesday and public holidays Harappan standards Harappa is located in the triangle of land and continuous! Historic port town and also a perfect spot for the adventure lovers since it offers various water sports here remains. Into shooting this beautifully vast desert the Sutlej river near the western ghats of state! The gates of Surkotada of the following Indus cities has houses with on. Hence standing true to the inside of the Civilization 2600-1900 BCE, Civil Services was 4.5 m ( 1⁄2... The eastward migration of the Civilization pious atmosphere filling the hearts of who. 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Bastions are expected on the Bhadar river in Kutch streams, the remains of horse, grave... On nykyisessä Gujaratin osavaltiossa Kutchin piirikunnassa, 160 km now a small, 3.5 acre site northeast Bhuj. The disappearance of the five largest Harappan sites and most prominent archaeological sites India. Aligned along the cardinal directions located 160 km north-east of Bhuj, in.... Courtyard closed on three sides and a manufacturing centre to Indian history this wall was 4.5 m ( ½ )... Platform would have only reduced the area within the citadel area on high ground and! Little Rann, surkotada near river have been found from Surkotada are later than most Harappan sites conform! D. Daivaputra Ans.A city lies on the left banks of the Civilization (! In general embody many different values to different people the directors into shooting this beautifully vast.! Also symbolize human health, since fresh water from rivers is essential to our and!
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