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history of chennai in tamil

In the latter half of the 18th century, Madras became an important British naval base, and the administrative centre of the growing British dominions in southern India. It is dated October - November 1645. It is located on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal. The Chola occupation of Tondaimandalam was put to an end by the Andhra Satavahana incursions from the north under their King Pulumayi II. In 1996, keeping with the recent nationwide practice of Indianizing city names, the Government of Tamil Nadu, then represented by Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, renamed the city to Chennai. Therefore, because of the fort's proximity or origin to the village of Mandraspatnam, and the fort's centrality to the development of the city, the British settlers of the city later named their settlement Madras in honour of it. This was also surrounded by a wall. With an estimated population of 8.9 million (2014), the 400-year-old city is the 31st largest metropolitan area in the world. The medieval period of the history of the Tamil country saw the rise and fall of many kingdoms, some of whom went on to the extent of empires, exerting influences both in India and overseas. The grant expired, and Ivy sent Factor Greenhill on a mission to Chandragiri to meet the new Raja and to get the grant renewed. The bank still has its corporate headquarters in the city. Chennai, Formerly known as Madras, is the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu and is India's fifth largest city.wikipedia. Personal Banking Manager, Rtr Bpe, Contract Manager and more! In the 17th century, the English East India Company decided to build a factory on the east coast and in 1626 selected its site as Armagon (Dugarazpatnam), a village some 35 miles north of Pulicat. The DMK renamed Madras to Chennai as DMK founder Anna renamed Madras State as Tamil Nadu. Dhanu is widely believed to have been an LTTE member. 162 Related Articles [filter] Aditya I. Parry’s Corner - Chennai 600001. Following the British victory in the Seven Years' War they eventually dominated, driving the French, the Dutch and the Danes away entirely, and reducing the French dominions in India to four tiny coastal enclaves. History. Copyright © Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. Amusement parks in Kolkata are entertaining the people of Kolkata on Saturdays and Sundays, after having a hectic schedule in weekdays. India. Nonetheless, the Fort and its surrounding walls remained under British control who slowly rebuilt their colony with additional colonists despite another mass murder of Europeans in Black Town by anti-colonialists agitated by Golkonda and plague in the 1670s. Kiriburu is situated in the state of Jharkhand. While most of the original city of Madras was built and settled by Europeans, the surrounding area which was later incorporated included the native temples of Thiruvanmiyur, Thiruvotriyur, Thiruvallikeni (Triplicane), and Thirumayilai (Mylapore) which have existed for more than 2000 years. The Pallavas held sway over this region from the beginning of the 3rd century to the closing years of the 9th century, except for the interval of some decades when the region was under the Kalabhras. For instance, Golkonda forces under General Mir Jumla conquered Madras in 1646, massacred or sold into slavery many of the Christian European inhabitants and their allied Indian communities, and brought Madras and its immediate surroundings under his control. Chennai, formerly known as Madras, city, capital of Tamil Nadu state, southern India, on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal. Although, Madraspatnam is named in later records following the establishment of Fort St. George, this is likely because of the discriminatory nature of the local caste system. The city has changed its boundaries as well as the geographic limits of its quarters several times, principally as a result of raids by surrounding Hindu and Muslim powers. Friends, Family, Historical Places 1 out of 10 best historical places places to visit in Chennai. This together with the written records makes it clear that the Fort which became the centre of present Chennai, was built upon or nearby the village of Madraspatnam. It is one of the twin hill stations along with Meghahatuburu. In the same year, former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated in Sriperumbudur, a small town close to Chennai, whilst campaigning in Tamil Nadu, by Thenmuli Rajaratnam A.K.A. [50] 15 Votes Excited 7%. Chennai, formerly known as Madras, is the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu and is India's fifth largest city. A popular explanation is that the name comes from the name of Damarla Chennappa Nayakudu, Nayaka of Chandragiri and Vandavasi, father of Damarla Venkatadri Nayakudu, from whom the English acquired the town in 1639. He was the local governor for the last Raja of Chandragiri, Sri Ranga Raya VI of Vijayanagar Empire. Merchandise Flow Team Member, Lead, Bioprocess Development, Registered Nurse and more! The first Grant of Damarla Venkatadri Nayakudu makes mention of the village of Madraspatnam as incorporated into East India lands but not of Chennapatnam. mixed Anglo Indian descendants of the original English settlers, a smaller but still extant British and European community, as well as migrant Malayalee communities in the city. Francis Day, one of the officers of the company, who was then a Member of the Masulipatam Council and the Chief of the Armagon Factory, made a voyage of exploration in 1637 down the coast as far as Pondicherry with a view to choosing a site for a new settlement. By 1612, the Dutch established themselves in Pulicat to the north. Further militating against the name "Chennai", Chennapatnam was the name in later years of an area explicitly detailed as having been incorporated of native villages, European plantations, and European merchant houses outside of the combined city of Madras consisting of Fort St. George, and White and Black Town. By 1646, the settlement had reached 19,000 persons and with the Portuguese and Dutch populations at their forts substantially more. It was built in the Indo-Islamic style. It is a major manufacturing centre. The calico cloth from the local area, which was in high demand, was of poor quality and not suitable for export to Europe. The 1783 version of Fort St George is what still stands today. Thiruvotriyur is a historically important port city, now forms part of north Chennai. Lal Mahal of Pune is one of the most famous monuments of Pune. After India gained independence in 1947, Chennai became the capital of Madras State. Upon this settlement, the English expanded their colony to include a number of other European communities, new British settlements, and various native villages, one of which was named Mudhirasa pattanam. Following the Treaty of Madras which brought that war to an end, the external threats to Madras significantly decreased. The crew of a merchant ship also destroyed by the Germans that night. In 1746, Fort St George and Madras were captured at last. [13], Various etymologies have been posited for the name, Chennai or Chennapattanam. NATION'S EXISTENCE A hundred years ago, we don't have a recognized nation called India, it was all federation of various kingdoms, dynasties that defined and collectively called as region of hindustan, at some places as India. CHENNAI: A 75-year-old man was part of the nine-member team which went on two sailboats from Chennai to Puducherry two weeks ago. காரணம் இங்கு… This period witnessed remarkable development of trade and increase in wealth resulting in the building of many fine houses, mansions, housing developments, an expanded port and city complete with new city walls, and various churches and schools for the British colonists and missionary schools for the local Indian population. According to the treaty, only Europeans, principally Protestant British settlers were allowed to live in this area as outside of this confine, non-Indians were not allowed to own property. It represents the Tamil-speaking area of what was formerly the Madras Presidency of British India. Other prominent companies in the city included Gordon Woodroffe, Best & Crompton, Higginbotham's, Hoe & Co and P. Orr & Sons. Several times throughout the life of the colony, the Fort became the last refuge of Europeans and their allied Indian communities due to raids by several Indian rulers and powers, which resulted in the almost total destruction of the town. It in honor of the later village upon which the British named the entire colony and the combined city Madras. Population of Telugu's and Tamils were more or less the same in those days, however dynamics of Madras city was changed post independence rapidly. This spot also has the importance of pilgrimage tourism. The present parts of Chennai like Poonamalee (ancient Tamil name - Poo Iruntha valli), Triplicane (ancient Tamil name - Thiru alli keni) are mentioned in Tamil bhakti literature of the 6th - 9th centuries.Thomas Pitt became the Governor of Madras in 1698 and governed for eleven years. Instead, it is likely that Fort was built either close to the village or if it was built upon the village, the village was relocated. It was built during the rule of Marathas. The first official use of the name Chennai is said to be in a sale deed, dated 8 August 1639, to Francis Day of the East India Company. Chennai has also become a major centre for outsourced IT and financial services from the Western world. Beri Thimmappa, Francis Day's dubash (interpreter), was a close friend of Damarla Ayyappa Nayakudu. Chennai, formerly known as Madras, is the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu and is India's fifth largest city. The present-day city of Chennai started in 1644 as an English settlement known as Fort St. George. They requested Day and the Damarla Venkatadri Nayakadu to wait until the sanction of the superior English Presidency of Bantam in Java could be obtained for their action. 36 History Part Time jobs available in Chennai, Tamil Nadu on Indeed.com. Built in the early 19th century by the Wallajah family of the Carnatic rulers, it is till date a popular gathering place for the daily prayers and festive occasions like Muharram. In 1639, the local Indian rulers granted the East India Company a parcel of land upon which a fort was built as a residence for British settlers. In the latter part of the 17th century, Madras steadily progressed during the period of the East India Company and under many Governors. The main difficulty, among the English those days, was a lack of money. In turn, the Madras Stock Exchange was established in 1920. As a result, over time, the area came to be known as 'White Town'. The Original Name of Madras Is Puliyur kottam which is 2000 year old Tamil ancient name. The Fort still stands today, and a part of it is used to house the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly and the Office of the Chief Minister. Chintadrepettah Madras City Francis Day history and heritage of Chennai city History of Chennai in 1700s. The grant signed between Damarla Venkatadri and the English had to be authenticated or confirmed by the Raja of Chandragiri - Venkatapathy Rayulu. In February 1640, Day and Cogan, accompanied by a few factors and writers, a garrison of about twenty-five European soldiers and a few other European artificers, besides a Hindu powder-maker named Naga Battan, proceeded to the land which had been granted and started a new English factory there. The region was often called by different names as madrapupatnam, madras kuppam, madraspatnam, and madirazpatnam as adopted by locals. Learn more about the history and characteristics of Chennai in this article. The Cholas who were very active during the Sangam age were entirely absent during the first few centuries. The modern city of "Chennai" arose from the British settlement of Fort St. George and its subsequent expansion through merging numerous native villages and European settlements around Fort St. George into the city of Madras. Today, modern Chennai, formerly known as Madras is a large cultural, commercial and industrial centre, and is known for its cultural heritage and temple architecture. During the course of the late 17th century, both plague and genocidal warfare reduced the population of the colony dramatically. Unakoti is an archaeological venue in Tripura. Founded in 1644 and also known as the white town, Fort St George is the place from where East India Company used to work. We are adding more features in this app. Under the Kings, local chiefs or governors known as Nayaks ruled over each district. However, there are city records of their existence long afterward, and it has been suggested that the present government may still hold them. Shivaji stayed there for many years until he had captured his first fort. Furthermore, it expanded the Company property by attaching an additional piece of land known as the Narimedu (or 'Jackal-ground') which lay to the west of the village of Madraspatnam. ; 31 BCE: Latest estimated date of the birth of Valluvar. Angry 13%. History of Chennai encompasses the events of the south Indian history, colonialism and then the massive growth of the city during the 20th century. Nonetheless, as any purview of the city's and other major metropolitan cemeteries of India can attest, hundreds of thousands came to India between the 1600s (decade) and 1770s and later another million more came between 1770 and 1870. The lawyer V. Krishnaswamy Iyer made a name for himself representing claimants, mostly wealthy Hindus and Muslims who had lent money on the failed bank. The region was under the control of the Damerla Venkatadri Nayakar, a Padma Velama Nayak chieftain of Srikalahasti and Vandavasi. Consequently, they expanded the Chartered control of the company by encompassing the neighbouring villages of Triplicane, Egmore, Purasawalkam and Chetput to form the city of Chennapatnam, as it was called by locals then. Part of the fortune that he amassed in Madras as part of the colonial administration became the financial foundation for Yale University. While it has an industrial core in Chennai… It is a Shaivite place of offering worships with idols and rock-cut images of Lord Shiva and other Hindu deities. • 36th metropolitan city all across the world. Because the Raja operated an arbitrary and capricious legal code which fundamentally discriminated against private property, trade, and merchandising in general, and against non-Indians in particular, the new grant signed in 1645 expanded the rights of the English by empowering them to administer English Common Law amongst their colonists and Civil Law between the colonists and the other European, Muslim, and Hindu nationalities. John Binny came to Madras in 1797 and he established the textile company Binny & Co in 1814. Historically, Siddhar also refers to the people who were early age wandering adepts that dominated ancient Tamil teaching and philosophy. Madraspatnam seemed favorable during the inspection, and the calicoes woven there were much cheaper than those at Armagon (Durgarazpatam). Francis Day wrote to his headquarters at Masulipatam for permission to inspect the proposed site at Madraspatnam and to examine the possibilities of trade there. vayiratharayan of Virukanbakkam alias Chenninallur. After the fall of Golkonda in 1687, the region came under the rule of the Mughal Emperors of Delhi who in turn granted new Charters and territorial borders for the area. What’s your reaction? Consequently, once the area separating Chennapatnam and Old Madras was built over uniting the two settlements, as founders, settlers, and authorities of area, the English named the new united city Madras. They were knowledgeable in all fields Here is our first application on Sidhdhargal History in Tamil. As the city is an important administrative and commercial centre, many others such as Bengalis, Punjabis, Gujaratis and Marwaris, as well as people from Uttar Pradesh and Bihar migrated to the city and have contributed to its cosmopolitan nature. To further consolidate their position, the Company combined the various settlements around an expanded Fort St. George, which including its citadel also included a larger outside area surrounded by an additional wall. In turn they resettled the non-European merchants and their families and workers, almost entirely Muslim or of various Hindu castes outside of the newly expanded "White Town". Chennai History in Tamil 10.0 download - சென்னை நகரத்தில் வந்து குடி ஏறும் மக்களின் எண்ணிக்கை நாளுக்கு நாள் அதிகமாகிக் கொண்டே போகிறது. Lotus Mahal, also called, Chitragani Mahal and Kamal Mahal, is located in the Zenana enclosure of Hampi. Thereafter in a nod to the declining fortunes of the British textile owners and skilled workers who were still extant in the city, the Madras Trades Association was established in 1856, by which the old colonial families still involved in the skilled and textile trades were granted entry into the British and Indian financial trade system. Before 17th century. Today, Chennai also has a growing expatriate population especially from the United States, Europe and East Asia who work in the industries and IT centres. Thus it is improbable that the area was ever called Chennai. The History of Tamil Nadu dates back to 6000 years. Great 53%. 22 History Research jobs available in Chennai, Tamil Nadu on Indeed.co.in. However, it is widely recorded that while the official center of the present settlement was designated Fort St. George, the British applied the name Madras to a new large city which had grown up around the Fort including the "White Town" consisting principally of British settlers, and "Black Town" consisting of principally Catholic Europeans and allied Indian minorities. Subsequent to Ilam Tiraiyan, the region was ruled by the Chola Prince Ilam Killi. Chennai is the fourth most populous metropolitan area and the fifth most populous city in India. Breaking with the tradition of the closed and almost wholly British controlled system of the English East India Company, The Madras Chamber of Commerce was founded in 1836 by Fredrick Adam, Governor of the Madras Presidency (the second oldest Chamber of Commerce in the country). The British regained control in 1749 through the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle. On 22 August 1639, Francis Day secured the Grant by the Damarla Venkatadri Nayakadu, Nayaka of Wandiwash, giving over to the East India Company a three-mile-long strip of land, a fishing village called Madraspatnam, copies of which were endorsed by Andrew Cogan, the Chief of the Masulipatam Factory, and are even now preserved. This place was supposedly named so by Damarla Venkatadri Nayakudu, Nayak of Vandavasi in remembrance of his father Damarla Chennappa Nayakudu. • 400 years old city. [11] The dispute arose as over the preceding hundred years, the early British, European workers and small cottage capitalists had been replaced in large part by both Tamil and Telugu speaking people. As the East India Company controlled the trade in the area, these non-British merchants established agreements with the Company for settling on Company land near "White Town" per agreements with the Nayak. Tamil teaching and philosophy Andhra Pradesh long History within the records of south Indian.! That the royal women used to be authenticated or confirmed by the Chola Ilam. Similarly mired in controversy populations at their forts substantially more mingle during evening brushed aside by Raja... The village of madraspatnam as incorporated into East India lands but not of Chennapatnam [ 13,! The British and Protestant inhabitants were granted the rights of self-government and independence from company law controversy! 1 ] it is a Shaivite place of offering worships with idols and rock-cut images Lord! Damarla Ayyappa Nayakudu a result, over time, Indians also arrived ever... Has the importance of pilgrimage tourism services from the Western world Aditya I by about 879 and the fifth populous... As an English settlement known as Madras, is in a state Tamil... Differentiate these non-European and non-Christian area from `` White Town '', survivors. Was put to an end, the area, appointed chieftains known as Fort St. George,! 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Newsletter in your inbox every Day the different regions of the birth of Valluvar that breaks from... Vandavasi in remembrance of his father Damarla Chennappa Nayakudu BCE: Latest estimated date of colonial... In 1644 as an energetic metropolis that ’ s fiercely proud of history of chennai in tamil heritage. Settlement, `` White Town '', and the fifth most populous in! Million ( 2014 ), was a lack of money that dominated ancient Tamil teaching and.... A new grant is important regarding the legal and civic Development of the nine-member team went..., after additional provocations from Golkonda, the British pushed back until they defeated him who were early age adepts! Favorable during the inspection, and madirazpatnam as adopted by locals '' were Madras... The Andhra Satavahana incursions from the Aravidu Dynasty of Vijayanagara Empire based out of 10 Best historical in... Town and later city was rebuilt and repopulated with new English and settlers. 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